The Chilean skies have been recognized for years as natural laboratories for the analysis of the behavior of celestial bodies and this year they will be the scene of a total solar eclipse, a historical astronomical event that puts the country in the eye of the entire world.
Astronomers, specialists, amateurs, tourists have filled the occupation of the Coquimbo Region for the event, since this region represents the Umbra territory, that is to say, the shadow of the moon that will eclipse the sun will be total, during the afternoon of this 2nd of July 2019.
The whole eclipse can only be seen from a thin strip in the Region of Coquimbo and part of the Region of Atacama, however, the partial eclipse will be visible from all the Chilean territory, it will begin at 3:22 pm and the Total production will take place at 4:38 pm, which has generated a lot of expectation. This is because this phenomenon has occurred only on 3 occasions in the last 500 years in Coquimbo.
· The first time was on June 9, 1592, although there are no written records of the observation, it has been known that the shadow totally covered from La Serena, to Pichicuy, with an approximate duration of 1 minute and 40 seconds.
· The next eclipse occurred the morning of March 15th, 1839 crossing the central line between the town of Sotaquí and the current city of Monte Patria and the entire phenomenon lasted 2 minutes and 36 seconds.
· The last eclipse registered in the Coquimbo Region was on April 16th, 1893, in this one was possible to capture photographs and studies that determined certain changes in environmental behavior, for example the temperature dropped two degrees Celsius while the moon eclipsed Sun.